Michel Bitbol


Director of Research at CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) 

ARCHIVES HUSSERL (UMR CNRS 8547, Pays Germaniques)
Ecole Normale Supérieure, 45, rue d'Ulm, 75005 Paris, France

( formerly at: Centre de Recherches en Epistémologie Appliquée CREA/Ecole Polytechnique) 


Philosophy of mind and consciousness, Epistemology, Philosophy of modern physics,

History of physics in the twentieth century, Philosophy of science



Short Biography :

Born in 1954, I was educated at several universities in Paris, where I received successively a M.D. in 1980, a Ph.D. in physics in 1985, and an “Habilitation” in philosophy in 1997. I first worked as a research scientist in biophysics from 1978 to 1990. From 1990 onwards, I turned to the philosophy of physics, where I developed a neo-Kantian approach. I edited texts by Erwin Schrödinger, and published books in French about quantum mechanics for which I received an award from the "Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques". A few years ago, I focused on the relations between the philosophy of quantum mechanics and the philosophy of mind and consciousness, working in close collaboration with Francisco Varela. I also have a long-term interest for the philosophy of the Madhyamika school, and learned some Sanskrit to have access to it.

On this web-site:

Programs of seminars, conferences, and lectures


My complete bibliography


Abstracts of my books and translations


Some articles in French available online

A selection of videos available on line


A selection of articles in English available online:

The concept of measurement and time symmetry in quantum mechanics

Some steps towards a transcendental deduction of quantum mechanics

A debate between Carnap and Schrödinger on the problem of Other Minds

Science as if situation mattered

Non-representationalist theories of knowledge and quantum mechanics

Perspectival realism and quantum mechanics

Autopoiesis with and without Cognition: Defining Life at its Edge (with P.L. Luisi)

Ontology, Matter, and Emergence

Heat, Temperature and Phenomenal Concepts (with I. Peschard) [Also available on I.Peschard’s homepage]

Is Consciousness Primary ?  

Consciousness, Situations, and the Measurement Problem of Quantum Mechanics

Downward causation without foundations    

The validity of first-person descriptions as authenticity and coherence (With C. Petitmengin)

Listening from within (With C. Petitmengin, J.M. Nissou, B. Pachoud, H. Curallucci, M. Cermolacce, & J. Vion-Dury)

Reflective metaphysics : understanding quantum mechanics from a kantian standpoint  

Neurophenomenology, an ongoing practice of/in consciousness

Traces of objectivity : causality and probabilities in quantum mechanics

On the possibility and reality of introspection (with C. Petitmengin)

A defense of introspection from within (with C. Petitmengin)


Books in English:


E. Schrödinger, The interpretation of quantum mechanics


M. Bitbol, Schrödinger's philosophy of quantum mechanics


M. Bitbol, P. Kerszberg & J. Petitot (eds.), Constituting Objectivity : Transcendental Perspectives on Modern Physics

M. Bitbol & O. Eliasson, Never known but is the knower